Powerful Strategies For Public Speaking Skills.

Public Speaking Skills

Public Speaking Techniques.


Being able to speak by keeping the interest of any audience alive is a skill that requires many years of work. However, there are a few techniques and tricks that will quickly improve your speaking and presentation skills. Here are the techniques from TED speakers to help you prepare for your presentations and improve your speaking skills:

1. Always Give Concrete Things to the Audience.

Give them something they can apply immediately. No matter how inspiring the message of your speech is, if you can't give your audience something concrete that they can apply this message to in their own lives, you won't be able to impress them enough. Without offering a field of application, your inspiration may not work. Don't be afraid to give your audience application advice. For example, if you are talking about workplace solidarity, you can ask them to identify a colleague who has a problem and suggests ways they can help.

2. Don't Pass Questions.

There is nothing better than interrupting your speech with questions in a presentation. This shows that the audience is listening attentively. So when asked questions, don't miss the opportunity. If it's a topic you will touch on in a moment, answer the question by wrapping your presentation a little forward. Question and answers add an atmosphere of dialogue to the conversation and strengthen the presentation. For this reason, make sure that your audience does not hesitate to ask questions and be sure to answer when asked.

3. Ask Questions You Don't Know The Answer.

Asking simple questions to get the audience in action can seem contrived. Instead, ask a question that neither the audience nor you know the answer to. Explain why you don't know and what can be done to find out. Most speakers try to impress the audience by asking only questions for which they know the answer. This often backfires. The question you are going to ask will help you to maintain a humble profile and keep the audience interested.

4. Don't Starve Your Brain.

Prepare your body before the presentation. Dopamine and epinephrine hormones help keep your attention focused. Both are made from an amino acid called tyrosine, which is found in protein-heavy foods. Therefore, it is very important to follow a protein-rich diet before important brain activities. But don't wait until the last moment to get your protein. Because before an important conversation, your appetite may not be very good.

5. A little bit of cortisol close.

Cortisol is a hormone released from the adrenal glands under stress or pressure. Having high levels of cortisol in your body limits your creativity and complex thinking. This makes it difficult to be aware of what is happening during your speech. The easiest way to burn cortisol is to exercise. Exercise in the morning before work, take a walk around your lunch break or hit the gym before an important presentation. You will notice that you feel soberer after physical activity.

6. Have Two Backup Plans.

The common concern of many public speaking people is "What if something goes wrong?" Opinion: What if the PowerPoint presentation fails to open, if someone keeps interrupting me, or if the attempt to speak cannot affect anyone? To alleviate your anxiety, choose the two things you are most concerned about and make backup plans for those situations. Decide what to do if the projector doesn't work or how to tie the end of the presentation if you don't use the time well. Even if these never happen, making a backup plan will make it easier for you to think about your presentation more diligently, so even if you encounter a problem you never expected, it will also make it easier for you to find a solution on the spot.

7. Establish a Routine.

Intense situations, people tend to turn to superstitions and find totems for themselves. To keep yourself confident, create a workout routine for yourself instead of picking a lucky item and making a totem. Check the venue and equipment in advance. If possible, repeat one last time in the place where you will be presenting. Have a simple to-do list of such items and repeat it before each presentation. While performing the routine you set before each conversation relaxes you and builds your self-confidence, what you do will directly benefit your speech, as opposed to turning to superstition.

8. Have a Small Target in Reserve.

Let's say you are trying to find a sponsor for a social responsibility project, but your speech does not seem to convince the audience. In such situations, most people tend to push the audience from different directions or give up directly. Try shrinking your target instead. If you do not seem to be able to break the sponsorship, you can at least try to raise a small number of donations or try to increase the awareness of the project.

9. Share Your Sincere Feelings.

Now let's take a look at some unconventional ways that will make your presentation beautiful. Speakers love to give humble examples that speak of their past mistakes. However, these stories are mostly dysfunctional, merely to show how far the speaker has come. If you are going to share a story on the subject, be open about your feelings. Share your feelings at the time instead of talking about how you got through the situation. When you gain the empathy of the audience, you will feel that you have built a stronger connection and your presentation is strengthened.

10. Hush for 10 Seconds.

When you pause for a few seconds, the audience thinks you have forgotten your word. If you take a 5-second break, they'll find that the pause is intentional. If you take a break for 10 seconds, even those who are busy with their phones need to lookup. When you start talking again, it will be felt that you have given the break willingly and you will have gathered all the attention again. Only bad speakers fear silence. For a good speaker, silence is a tool to demonstrate self-confidence and regain attention. When you leave a long gap to gather your thoughts, you will find that you are attracting the audience and your speech is more reassuring.

11. Say Something That Nobody Knows.

No one has ever heard someone come out of a presentation and say the next day "the tables given were fantastic" or "the bar graphs were great." However, it's much more likely to hear something like: “Did you know that the inner wall of our stomach also turns red when we blush?”. Find a surprising fact or draw an interesting analogy to the topic to make this second impression on your audience. You must say to your audience at least once, "Really?" have you said.

12. Focus on the Benefit of the Audience, Not Selling.

If you are trying to sell a product or service, the first goals that come to your mind are securing the sale, gaining new customers, and having a bigger market. But speaking only for your own benefit will increase the pressure on you. Instead, just aim for your audience to benefit from what you are saying. Once you can present content that facilitates people's professional or daily life, the goals mentioned above will come naturally.

13. Don't Make Excuses.

Let's talk a little bit about things you should stop doing. Many speakers start with an excuse. Excuses such as "I didn't have time to prepare" or "I'm not very good at this" does not earn you the sympathy of the audience. On the contrary, it causes you to draw an insecure picture. The way you don't need excuses is of course to work well. If you find yourself in a bad situation despite everything, try your best instead of using excuses.

14. Don't Wait for the Last Minute.

Don't wait until you're on stage to control the microphone, lights, or your remote. Make all your preparations and checks in advance. If there are people responsible for them, talk to them in advance and identify a common path for emergencies. Most importantly, smile when something goes wrong and don't spoil your positive mood until the problem is resolved. When a problem arises, it is the way you react, rather than the problem itself, that affects the audience.

15. Don't Overflow Slides With Text.

A simple rule of thumb for this: Set your font size twice the age of your target audience. This number will usually be between 60 and 80. If the point you want to tell does not fit on a slide with these font sizes, it means your message is not concise enough.

17. Don't Read Your Slides to the Audience.

The visual part of your presentation should be consistent and amount that the audience can understand by looking at each page. If your audience needs to read long articles, you can quickly lose interest. Especially if you read what is written on your slides to the audience, you will certainly lose interest. The visual presentation should be shaped around what you want to tell, but you should always do the narration. So the audience's eyes should mostly be on you, not on the slides.

18. Repeat the Highlights.

The audience usually only hears part of what you say and shows interest in a smaller part of that. So, to make sure your opinion reaches everyone, create a presentation structure where you can repeat the important points. First, explain a key point, then give examples and encourage the audience to put it into practice. The audience will not remember all these things you said. So remind this process over and over again for key points. The more you repeat something, the more memorable and effective it will be.

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